In the recent Twenty First Convention of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 21) meeting, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said “I have called climate change the defining issue of our time.” [1]. He also urged “the private sector needs a clear signal that the low-emissions transformation of the global economy is inevitable, mutually beneficial and already under way”. “Developed countries must agree to lead, and developing countries need to assume increasing responsibility in line with their capabilities­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­,” Mr. Ban further added. However, the greatest challenge is how to limit carbon dioxide emission as it increases with the economic growth of the society. To face this challenge, energy production from offshore wind farms could be one of the best alternatives. In this aspect, Denmark is the pioneer as the world’s first offshore wind installation was established in Denmark in 1991. Thereafter, several EU countries (specially, UK, Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands) have shown a significant effort of producing energy from offshore wind installations. Recent data of the European Wind Energy Association indicates that 8045.30 MW have been produced from 74 wind farms (installed in 11 European countries) which is sufficient to cover 1% of the EU’s total electricity consumption. The capacity of the EU will be further increased up to 10,393.6 MW in the end of 2015 [2].
Surprisingly, despite the US’s prevalent role in onshore wind energy sector, there are still gaps in adequate initiations to produce green energy from offshore wind parks. Finally, the good news is that the US first offshore wind installation is going to be commissioned off the coast of Rhode Island in 2016…………………read more here:
References
1.      UN (2015). Secretary-General’s remarks to the opening of the High-Level session of the COP21. Available: http://www.un.org/sg/statements/index.asp?nid=9320. (Accessed on 7 December, 2015).
2.      EWEA (2015). The European offshore wind industry-key trends and statistics 2014. Available:http://www.ewea.org/fileadmin/files/library/publications/statistics/EWEA-European-Offshore-Statistics-2014.pdf. (Accessed on 7 December, 2015).

Image credit: Kim Hansen, https://www.flickr.com/photos/slaunger/5483311060